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Fecha de registro: 11 nov 2022

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Before the green pineapple cutting, it is necessary to select good varieties with high ornamental value, and take the branches that are robust and free of diseases and pests; Do not hurt the air and take root when cutting off the mother body and cutting cuttings. Because the aerial roots can be directly transformed into ground roots after being inserted into the soil, and can quickly absorb the water and nutrients in the upper soil, which is very beneficial for cutting and cropping. The optimum temperature for growth is 20~28 ℃ in the daytime and 15~18 ℃ at night.


If there is no vermiculite, 6 portions of loose and breathable sandy vegetable soil and 4 portions of river sand can also be fully mixed and prepared(6 inch nursery pots). After 1 to 2 years of growth, it is not easy to change the pot when the soil is changed. The root is exposed to the soil surface, so soil should be added in time. After that, part of the old soil on the pot surface should be excavated and filled with new soil every 1 to 2 years to replace the pot. The pot soil can be half of the rotting leaf soil and half of the pastoral soil, mixed with a proper amount of river sand and mixed well as the nourishing soil.


For cutting soil, it is better not to add organic fertilizer to prevent cuttings from being infected and rotting, and reduce the survival rate of cutting. During cutting, the cultivation soil can only be used after high-temperature disinfection. One plant for each pot, inserted into the soil at a depth of 4-5cm, and placed in a shade and ventilated place for curing after watering. Too shallow water will evaporate quickly and leaves will wither; Too deep is perishable. Change the water once a week, and transplant in about two months, with a survival rate of 70%.


When inserting, use a bamboo stick to guide the hole, then spray enough water and cover with film. Pay attention to humidity and ventilation. Callus can grow in about one and a half months to two months. The root system grows fast, but the germination is slow, which takes six months to seven months. The survival rate is also high when transplanting timely. Before layering, straighten out the branches on one side of the parent plant, bend them and lift them down, select the parts that can be buried in the substrate, cut them or conduct circular cutting to strip the cortex.


During operation, pay attention to the preservation of aerial roots naturally growing in internodes(seed trays wholesale ireland). The maintenance and management work after the green pineapple cutting is to keep the temperature of the seedbed at 18~22 ℃. If this temperature standard cannot be met, a plastic bag can be used to cover the flowerpot, place the seedbed in a warm place, and control the temperature at about 22 ℃. Judging from the rooting situation of the green pineapple cutting, generally the temperature is 18~20 ℃.


During the maintenance of aloe in midsummer, shading measures should be taken to prevent the plant from being directly exposed to strong light, and water should be sprayed around the aloe to maintain the humidity of the plant. During the maintenance of aloe in cold winter, plant fill lights should be used to supplement light for the plant and promote the vigorous growth of the plant. Generally, after 2 to 3 months of maintenance and management, new roots can grow from the pressed parts and new buds can grow from the aboveground parts.


Aloe is suitable for growing in loose, fertile and well drained soil. When planting aloe, coarse sand, garden soil, rotten leaf soil and perlite should be mixed to form a cultivation matrix, and then decomposed organic fertilizer or cake fertilizer should be applied to make it more fertile, which is conducive to the vigorous growth of aloe. For the method of planting green pineapple, the substrate can be fine sand and charcoal chips. One week before planting, it should be fully exposed to the sun and disinfected with 1:1000 potassium permanganate solution.


Replace the basin once every 3 years(plastic grow bags). It is extremely resistant to shade and direct sunlight. It can be placed indoors in a sunny place. If the sunlight is too strong, the leaves will be burned. If the indoor light is dark and the leaf markings disappear, it should be moved to the place with strong light for recovery for a period of time half a month. Otherwise, the internodes will grow and the leaves will become smaller. It is better to receive 4 hours of scattered light every day. The loam with loose and rich organic matter can be selected as the soil. It can be prepared by adding proper amount of organic fertilizer into the rotten leaf soil.


The green pineapple is an indoor plant with strong vitality and simple growth. It is suitable for inexperienced flower lovers to breed and can thrive in various conditions from low light to high light. How to breed a pineapple? The pineapple is usually propagated by cutting and layering. At this time, the grower can insert a sharp knife into the soil layer according to the sprouting condition of the layering, cut off the layering, and make it grow independently from the mother.


The best time to insert is from May to June in late spring and early summer or from August to September in autumn. Before cutting, it is necessary to select superior varieties with high ornamental value, and take the branches that are robust and free from diseases and pests. Do not hurt the air and take root when cutting off the mother body and cutting cuttings. Because the aerial roots can be directly transformed into ground roots after being inserted into the soil, and can quickly absorb water and nutrients in the soil, which is very beneficial to the cutting work.


One plant for each pot, inserted into the soil at a depth of 4-5cm, and placed in a shade and ventilated place for curing after watering. Each segment of the cuttings is 8-10 cm long, with at least 4 internodes(5 inch plastic pots). The lower end of the cuttings is cut into a horseshoe shape. The seedbed can be used with earthenware flowerpots of suitable size, and the substrate can be used with vermiculite for indoor soilless cultivation in the future. If there is no vermiculite, 6 portions of loose and breathable sandy vegetable soil and 4 portions of river sand can also be fully mixed and prepared.


The maintenance and management work after the green pineapple cutting is to keep the temperature of the seedbed at 18~22 ℃. If this temperature standard cannot be met, a plastic bag can be used to cover the flowerpot, place the seedbed in a warm place, and control the temperature at about 22 ℃. Another key problem of rooting is to maintain the relative humidity of the space. Every day, you should open the plastic bag to spray water, ventilate and ventilate, so as to make the air fresh and promote the rooting of cuttings.


For cutting soil, it is better not to add organic fertilizer to prevent cuttings from being infected and rotting and reduce the survival rate of cutting. When cutting, the culture soil can only be used after high-temperature disinfection. As long as the air temperature is above 20 ℃, the stem segments with good ornamental effect can be cut at any time and directly inserted into the clear water, with the immersion depth of 5.0~10 cm. They can be placed under the indoor scattered light, and the water can be changed once every 2~3 days. About 10 days, they can take root.


It can be retted with 70% humus, 20% red soil, 10% rape cake and bone meal. Potting usually uses loose, well ventilated and well drained soil such as humus, peat or fine sand. It is usually pruned from May to June to remove the old leaves at the base and promote the sprouting of new branches on the stem at the base(propagation trays nz). If the branch segment is inserted into an opaque container or the glass container is covered with black cloth, the rooting time can be shortened, and there is a lot of rooting during hydroponics.


The green pineapple is an air root plant. There are thick fleshy air roots in the lower part of the stem between the leaves, which can be raised in pots or hung, and the branches can be soaked in water bottles. It can keep alive for several years. At the same time, it can also be coiled into flower baskets, columns, balls and other forms to change the viewing effect. If it is attached to wood or plywood for wall decoration, it can be self climbing to form an interesting green picture.


The pot soil shall be wet. If the pot soil is white, it shall be watered thoroughly; If the temperature is low in winter, the plants should be watered less when they are dormant to keep the soil dry. The green pineapple layering is also relatively simple, and the common layering method is generally used. The growth temperature is 20~28 ℃ in the daytime, 15~18 ℃ at night, the wintering temperature is above 10 ℃, and leaves will fall below 5 ℃. The withered, charred and drooping leaves of the pineapple are due to the winter frost.


From April to May, when the green pineapple is growing vigorously, use earthenware flower pots with appropriate size to hold peat soil, forest leaf rotting soil, mountain soil and other substrates that have been sterilized at high temperature, and fully mix them for moisture(2 gallon fabric pots). Midsummer is the peak of the growth of the green pineapple. You can spray the air root and leaf surface of the green pineapple several times a day, which can not only clean the dust of the leaves, make the leaves green, but also reduce the temperature of the leaf surface and increase the air humidity of the small environment.


Usually, after the spring is warm, move to the outdoor shade for curing, and move indoors in autumn. It likes scattering light, avoids direct sunlight, and is more resistant to shade. It is better to receive scattering light for 4 hours every day. If the sun is too strong, the leaves will be burned. If the sun is too overcast, the beautiful stripes will disappear. You can move to a place with strong light for a period of time to recover. The leaves at the base of stems of plants that have been potted indoors for a long time are easy to fall off, which affects the ornamental effect.


In order to keep the green pineapple green in winter, cut half of the full length of the vine stem from the stem where the leaves fall off, and cut 2/3 or 3/4 of the other half, resulting in different cut heights. Aerial root direct hydroponics There are several thin purple red aerial roots growing on the small leafy green apple node. The stem segments with aerial roots can be cut into water for direct hydroponics. Aerial roots can adapt to life in water and continue to grow on the basis of the original aerial roots.


Plants should be placed indoors facing south, and should not be exposed to the wind at night. It is better to cover the basin with plastic bags. Don't move out of the house immediately after the beginning of spring. You should move out of the house after the Qingming Festival. If the leaves are frozen or drooping, as long as the branches are green, the plants can grow new leaves again through reasonable fertilizer and water management and maintenance(v9 plastic pots). The green pineapple is a perennial grass vine foliage plant, with large leaves, thick texture, crystal green, and light yellow stripes.


Stop fertilization in October. When the temperature drops to 10 ℃, the plants placed outdoors will be moved indoors to keep warm. In this way, after the new buds are issued, they will soon be covered with new leaves, so that the base is no longer bare. If there are only leaves on the upper part and the lower part is bare, loosen the green pineapple from the column, remove part of the pot soil, bury the leafless part of the vine stem into the basin, and wind the leafy vine stem on the column to gradually restore its good appearance.


At this time, it is necessary to renew the plant in time. Generally, cut off all the branches from 1/3 of the plant height during the Qingming Festival to the Guyu Festival. The upper cut branches can be cut into cuttings for cutting, and the lower part will sprout about 2 new branches from the end of the branch under the cutting mouth when the new branches grow to 2/3 of the column height; The original ornamental value can be restored. Continue to water sufficiently, but gradually reduce watering as the temperature drops.


However, the interval is relatively long. Generally, the plants that are renewed after the Tomb Sweeping Day will not grow into the ideal plant shape until July or August(seedling trays uk). Before that, they have little ornamental value. In winter, the green apples should be placed near the south window to receive light, and at other times, it is better to place them near the east and north windows. Avoid direct sunlight all day long. It is enough to have 2-3 hours of bright light or weak light every day. Otherwise, it is easy to burn or the leaf surface is rough due to strong light.


The most suitable temperature for the growth of green pineapple is 18~22 ℃. If the room temperature is often lower than 12 ℃ in winter, the leaves will become yellow and wilted, or even droop. Mix the acid peat soil with plain sand, or mix the pine needle soil with peat soil as pot soil. Apply a small amount of 500 times diluted ferrous sulfate regularly. The old plants do not need to change pots every year. The formed old plants can also be cultivated without soil by using ceramsite. Water to keep the soil moist.


For totem column cultivation, it is better to water slowly from the top, so that not only the pot soil can be wetted, but also the sponge or brown skin on the column can fully absorb water, so that the winded air roots can absorb water and at the same time increase the air humidity. Reduce watering in winter. The layering propagation of pineapple is also relatively simple, and generally adopts the common layering method. In September, apply phosphorus and potassium fertilizer twice and stop applying nitrogen fertilizer to improve cold resistance.


From April to May, when the green pineapple is growing vigorously, use earthenware flower pots with appropriate size to hold peat soil, forest leaf rotting soil, mountain soil and other substrates that have been sterilized at high temperature, and fully mix them for moisture(1.5 gallon nursery pots). Introduction to layering propagation method of pineapple First, before layering, straighten out the branches on one side of the parent plant, bend them and then lift them down, select the parts that can be buried in the substrate, cut or cut the cortex in a circular way.


Finally, the management of layering propagation of pineapple is mainly to keep the substrate always in a moist state. Generally, after 2 to 3 months of maintenance and management, the pressed parts can grow new roots and the aboveground parts can grow new buds. Cut the stems and vines 15~25cm long, and cut off the lower leaves. After being inserted into the substrate, keep the room temperature at 25-30 ℃ and a humid environment, and take root for about 2 weeks. Water injection is also very easy to survive, with 25 to 30 natural roots.


After the middle of the year, the plants that overwinter indoors can be moved to the outdoors. Continue to maintain sufficient sunlight, or place the plant in a place with sufficient scattered light. It likes humid soil environment. Sufficient water shall be supplied to keep the pot soil moist. Top application of nitrogen based fertilizer once can promote the growth of branches and leaves. Continue cutting propagation. It likes bright scattered light. When the light is appropriate, the stem is thick and the leaves are large, growing well, and the color spots on the leaves are bright and bright.


For the plants planted in totem column, when spraying water, the climbing column must also absorb enough water for the aerial roots in the long column to absorb. Avoid direct sunlight, otherwise the leaves will turn yellow, even scorched by the scorching sun, and the beautiful stripes on the leaves will disappear. But it should not be overcast, otherwise, the leaves will become smaller, the color stripes on the leaves will fade, become lighter, or even all become green, and the stems and vines will grow thin and thin, and the nodes will grow longer.


Nitrogen fertilizer is the main fertilizer and potassium fertilizer is the auxiliary fertilizer. Before the spring growth period, apply thin fertilizer once every 10-15 days, and 0.3% ammonium sulfate or urea solution can be used; Or spray 0.2%~0.5% urea on the leaves to ensure vigorous growth and make the leaves green and bright(v10 plastic pots). Continue to water the pot soil sufficiently to keep it moist and prevent the pot soil from getting too wet. Once there is no water, the leaves will turn yellow and wilt, and the plant will lose its spirit. It should not be too wet, or the plant will rot.


The fertilizer combined with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium shall be applied once a half month to make the branches strong and leaves big and the leaves bright. If 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution is applied to the leaves, the stripes on the leaves will be more bright and bright. Continue cutting propagation. During the totem column planting, if the branches and leaves are higher than the totem column and droop and affect the viewing, cut off the overgrown branches to avoid the disorder of plant shape. Continue shading, or place the plant in a place with sufficient scattered light.

V

Vincent Lei

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